Essay – Paragraph on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan – Clean India
CLEAN INDIA DRIVE
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachch Bharat sanitation programmes on October 2, 2014. It was a befitting tribute to the Father of the Nation who was concerned about sanitation issues. The proposed sanitation programmes will reframe The social and economic face of India and prove to be a great game changer. Sanitation has a direct link with the spread of communicable diseases which are Prevalent in India. As a matter of fact, the initiative “Health for All by 2000 A.D.” flopped because an effective sanitation programmes was not launched simultaneously. The basic cause of frequent epidemics in India is insanitation. The country can attain Health for All by October 2, 2019, if the programmes is implemented in totality.
Quality of Life
Living in an insanitary environment, like poverty, degrades the quality of human life and it is a curse and a social stigma as well. Therefore, the accomplishment of the total Sanitation Programmese (TSP) will improve the living standard of the Poorest of the poor on the one hand and improve the Human Development Index (HDI) of India on the other. Presently, India is positioned 134 in the UN’s HDI. Poverty is less painful if one gets a chance to live in a sanitary environment. In fact, a sanitary environment is the basic necessity of human life like air, water and food for its aesthetic and psychological development. That is why we say, “Cleanliness is next to godliness”. If India ensures total sanitation by 2019, our stock will rise in the comity of nations.
According to the proposed Swachh Bharat scheme, the government will build individual toilets in 1.04 crore households and 5 lakh community/public toilets in urban areas. Around 8.8 crore toilets will be built in rural areas and a majority of these are to be provided in individual households. The total sanitation programmes includes programmess that are to be executed under the umbrella programmes.
Steps Towards Total Sanitation
Provision of 100 per cent sewerage and a drainage system in all urban towns together with innocuous disposal or recycling of the finally treated effluent for 6 irrigation with a total ban on discharge into the drains or rivers. An effective sewerage and drainage system forms the backbone of urban sanitation.
Sh. Narendra Modi promote Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
There is need for loo per cent solid waste management, both in urban and rural areas and recycling of the final waste product. Around 100 per cent coverage of rural households and slum areas with sanitary latrines. All the-open areas in urban and rural communities will be either paved or grassed. All the streets to be paved with concrete blocks or paver blocks. There should be zero tolerance to dumping or littering of solid waste matter (mostly paper and plastic matter) in open spaces, both in urban and rural areas. It should be the same for stagnation of sullage or any other waste water in urban or rural areas. There should be daily sweeping of streets, roads or public places both in rural and urban areas. The vacant plots should be provided with boundary walls and kept neat, clean and green.
Each element is more important than the other. The accomplishment of this programmes by 2019 is a onerous task and will require huge amount of funds. Execution of the TSP will be done by the state agencies. The Central Government will only facilitate and monitor the progress of the programmes with partial funding. Therefore, it will be appropriate if the Centre prepares a blueprint and then calls a meeting of state chief ministers to hand over the blueprint to them to prepare rough cost estimates. Considering the Amazonian size of the project, it will be essential to set up a separate ministry to prepare a financial and administrative model and give a go-ahead to the states to implement this programmes by October, 2019.
The campaign faces formidable financial and implementation challenges. Financially, the government will easily need 2-3% of GDP annually till the target date. There are only four avenues to mobilising such vast resources: increases in revenues made possible by accelerated growth; cuts in middle-class subsidies such as for cooking gas; elimination of enormous leakages in the myriad social schemes by replacing them with cash transfers; and accelerated disinvestment including outright privatization. All roads to Swachh Bharat pass through the thicket of reforms.
Pursuit of Swachh Bharat also requires strengthening public health services. Services such as good drainage systems, absence of swamps and ponds that are home to stagnant water, and the supply of safe drinking water – all of which reduce exposure to and spread of diseases – are classic examples of public goods and require effective government intervention. Swachh Bharat would do well to encourage each state to restart a separate public health department, accountable for the delivery of public health services.
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